Resolver

Resolver plugins are responsible for turning a dependency specifier into a full file path that will be processed by transformers. Resolvers run in a pipeline until one of them returns a result. See Dependency resolution for details on how the default resolver works.

Example

#

This example overrides the resolution of special-module, and otherwise returns null to allow the next resolver in the pipeline to handle the dependency. See Resolvers in the Parcel configuration docs for details on how this works.

import {Resolver} from '@parcel/plugin';
import path from 'path';

export default new Resolver({
async resolve({specifier}) {
if (specifier === 'special-module') {
return {
filePath: path.join(__dirname, 'special-module.js')
};
}

// Let the next resolver in the pipeline handle
// this dependency.
return null;
}
});

Virtual modules

#

Rather than resolving to a file on the file system, Resolvers may also return code directly. This allows programmatically generating virtual modules on demand. You must still return a filePath as well, however, as this indicates where any dependencies in the code should be resolved relative to, as well as how the source code should be processed by transformers (e.g. by file extension).

import {Resolver} from '@parcel/plugin';
import path from 'path';

export default new Resolver({
async resolve({specifier}) {
if (specifier === 'special-module') {
return {
filePath: path.join(__dirname, 'special-module.js'),
code: 'export default "This is a special module!";'
};
}

return null;
}
});

Dependency metadata

#

In addition to the specifier, Resolver plugins also receive a full Dependency object, which includes additional metadata about the dependency. The specifierType property indicates how the specifier should be interpreted (e.g. ESM, CommonJS, URL, etc.). The resolveFrom property specifies the file path where the dependency should be resolved from (e.g. if the specifier is a relative path).

This example resolves relative URLs and paths depending on the specifierType.

import {Resolver} from '@parcel/plugin';
import path from 'path';
import {fileURLToPath, pathToFileURL} from 'url';

export default new Resolver({
async resolve({specifier, dependency}) {
return {
filePath: dependency.specifierType === 'url'
? fileURLToPath(
new URL(specifier, pathToFileURL(dependency.resolveFrom))
)
: path.resolve(dependency.resolveFrom, specifier)
};
}
});

Excluding modules

#

The isExcluded property can be returned to indicate that a module should be excluded from the build. This example excludes aws-sdk which is included in the AWS hosting environment automatically and does not need to be bundled.

import {Resolver} from '@parcel/plugin';

export default new Resolver({
async resolve({specifier}) {
if (specifier === 'aws-sdk') {
return {isExcluded: true};
}

return null;
}
});

Cache invalidation

#

The results of Resolver plugins are cached by Parcel automatically. If you read any files from the file system during resolution, you’ll need to tell Parcel about them so it can watch them and invalidate the resolution when they change.

The invalidateOnFileChange property should be set to an array of all files that were successfully read during resolution. The invalidateOnFileCreate property should be set to an array of FileCreateInvalidation objects describing files that should invalidate the resolution if they were created.

import {Resolver} from '@parcel/plugin';
import path from 'path';

export default new Resolver({
async resolve({specifier, options}) {
let aliasFile = path.join(options.projectRoot, 'alias.json');

try {
let aliasConfig = await options.inputFS.readFile(aliasFile);
let aliases = JSON.parse(aliasConfig);
return {
filePath: aliases[specifier] || null,
invalidateOnFileChange: [aliasFile]
};
} catch (err) {
return {
invalidateOnFileCreate: [{filePath: aliasFile}]
};
}
}
});

Diagnostics

#

A Resolver plugin may encounter errors during resolution. When this happens, it may either throw an error or return diagnostics. If a Resolver throws, the resolution process is immediately halted, and the error is shown to the user.

If a Resolver instead returns diagnostics, resolution continues to the next Resolver plugin. If none of the Resolver plugins are able to resolve the dependency, then all diagnostics from all Resolver plugins are shown to the user.

import {Resolver} from '@parcel/plugin';
import path from 'path';

export default new Resolver({
async resolve({specifier, options}) {
let aliasFile = path.join(options.projectRoot, 'alias.json');

try {
let aliasConfig = await options.inputFS.readFile(aliasFile);
let aliases = JSON.parse(aliasConfig);
return {
filePath: aliases[specifier] || null,
invalidateOnFileChange: [aliasFile]
};
} catch (err) {
return {
invalidateOnFileCreate: [{filePath: aliasFile}],
diagnostics: [
message: 'Could not read alias.json',
hints: ['Create an alias.json file in the project root.']
}]
};
}
}
});

See Diagnostics for more detail.

Side effects

#

Resolvers may also return a sideEffects property which indicates whether the asset may have side effects when executed. This usually corresponds to the same property in package.json, and is used for scope hoisting.

Relevant API

#

ResolveResult parcel/packages/core/types/index.js:1454

type ResolveResult = {|
  +filePath?: FilePath,

An absolute path to the resolved file.

  +pipeline?: ?string,

An optional named pipeline to use to compile the resolved file.

  +query?: URLSearchParams,

Query parameters to be used by transformers when compiling the resolved file.

  +isExcluded?: boolean,

Whether the resolved file should be excluded from the build.

  +priority?: DependencyPriority,

Overrides the priority set on the dependency.

  +sideEffects?: boolean,

Corresponds to BaseAsset's sideEffects.

  +code?: string,

The code of the resolved asset. If provided, this is used rather than reading the file from disk.

  +canDefer?: boolean,

Whether this dependency can be deferred by Parcel itself (true by default).

  +diagnostics?: Diagnostic | Array<Diagnostic>,

A resolver might return diagnostics to also run subsequent resolvers while still providing a reason why it failed.

  +meta?: JSONObject,

Is spread (shallowly merged) onto the request's dependency.meta

  +invalidateOnFileCreate?: Array<FileCreateInvalidation>,

A list of file paths or patterns that should invalidate the resolution if created.

  +invalidateOnFileChange?: Array<FilePath>,

A list of files that should invalidate the resolution if modified or deleted.

|}
Referenced by:
Resolver

Resolver parcel/packages/core/types/index.js:1617

type Resolver = {|
  resolve({|
    dependency: Dependency,
    options: PluginOptions,
    logger: PluginLogger,
    specifier: FilePath,
    pipeline: ?string,
  |}): Async<?ResolveResult>,
|}